Peace and justice in the perspectives of Darfur war victims at Abushock camp in Elfashir District, Sudan

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Kampala International University, College of Humanities and social sciences.
The aim of this study was to examine the prioritizations of peace and justice in the perspectives of the Darfur war victims at Aboushock Camp in the North Darfur. The main focus of the study is the peace and justice’s correlational factors, mainly to assess on the one hand the kinds of the crimes committed, who committed them, and to assess on the other hand, the perspectives of the war victims regarding passed negotiations on peace and justice issues, what their attitudes have been on the matter of reconciliation, as well as on who ~should be charged of criminal justice trial in the Darfur crisis, which is yet another issue of concern in the study. A total sample of 389 victims was given the questionnaires; but only 266 questionnaires were recovered. Data were analyzed descriptively, ‘using frequencies and percentages as the main statistical tools. bescriptive research design was used by the researcher and frequencies and percentages were used as the main statistical toll. The findings revealed that the majority were in the age brackets of 41- 60, female, were married, while in terms of education, majority, ~namely, had certificates. In terms of findings, respondents want justice first and also revealed that they ranked justice first rather than peace. War crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide were all committed. The respondents thought that hybrid courts, national courts and national traditional courts were all not acceptable to them, and that the ~Darfur people, Darfur rebel forces, and the ICC are willing to bring peace and justice, but that the government was not willing to encourage or work for peace and justice. Recommendations need for increase commitment of the Intenational community to exert pressur on Government of Bashir.
A Thesis Presented to the Colleague of Higher Degrees and Research (CHDR) Kampala International University Kampala, Uganda In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in Human Rights & Development.
Peace, Justice, Perspectives, Darfur war victims, Abushock camp, Sudan