Gambling activities and Socio- economic development among the Youth in Ggaba Landing Site, Kampala District

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Kampala International University, Colleges of Humanities and Social Sciences
Since the year 2000. the gambling industry in Uganda has experienced a rapid increase in activity, with various new modes and facilities being introduced. The proliferation of gambling has seen the industry diversify from the early forms of gambling like casino gambling. Board games and national lotteries to new modes like sports betting and online betting among other forms. Regarding gambling related tax revenues, the industry has equally grown at an unprecedented rate, with tax collections growing from UGX 0.24 billion in 2002/3 to UGX 11.1 billion in 2013/14. While this growth in tax revenue is a welcome development, there is still considerable concern about the potential for the gambling sector to cause harm in form of addictions, loss of savings, idleness and increased crime. Hence, as the gambling industry continues to grow in popularity and prevalence, a well-founded understanding of its operations and socio economic implications is imperative. This study sought to 1111 this void by investigating three questions: 1) What are the gambling activitiees that impact on social economic development among the youth in Ggaba landing site? 2) What is level of participation in gambling industry? 3) What is the relationship between gambling activities and youth level of economic development in the area of Ggaba landing site? Based on a household survey conducted in Kampala city in April 2015, we tind that approximately one in every four adults had engaged in some form of gambling in the twelve months preceding the survey. Age, income, employment status and gender are major determinants in gambling participation. Additionally, we find that, on average, the poorest in society spend a higher proportion of their personal income on gambling compared to their richer counterparts. Gambling also has the greatest displacement effect on household necessities and savings and has to some extent led to problem gambling especially among the youth who have not established themselves fully to have good living in societies. In terms of revenue, the percentage contribution of the gambling industry to total revenue is still low (0.15% in 2013/1 ‘I) hut growing. Furthermore, qualitative evidence revealed that many facets of the law relating to lottery and gaming have become obsolete and are not sensitive to the new modes of gambling and the unprecedented growth ofthe industry. Similarly, the regulatory body (National Lotteries Board) has substantial capacity problems and limited statutory powers and is not always able to effectively exercise its mandate herein inhibiting its ability to comprehensively regulate the gambling industry. On the policy front, we propose that the public should be protected from over stimulation of latent gambling through limitation of gambling opportunities: by imposing tighter restrictions on advertising; tighter restrictions on entry into gambling establishments, based on age; and limitation of opening hours among others. In congruence. parliament should expedite the passage of the Lottery and Gaming Bill (2013) into law to empower the National Lotteries Board with more statutory powers and provide a basis for addressing capacity and financial challenges that they currently face. In line with this, there is a need to minimize the negative social and economic impacts of gambling by promoting responsible gambling and providing support and counseling to the communities especially the vulnerable youth case study Ggaba youth who may be very much prone to the negative effects of gambling.
A Dissertation Submitted in College of Humanities and Social Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the award of Bachelors Degree of Social Work and Social Administration of Kampala International University.
Youth, Gambling, Socio- Economic development, Ggaba Landing Site, Kampala District