Disarmament and human rights violation in Karamoja Region: a case study of Kotido town council, Kotido District, North Eastern Uganda

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Kampala International University,College of Humanities and Social Science
Study was conducted on the Impact of Disannament on Human Rights violations in Kotido town council Kotido District — Karamoja sub region. I decided to carry out on this particular topic due to the prevailing issues on Human Rights violations in the area. The purpose of the study was to examine the Impact of Disarmament on Human Rights violation in Kotido town council. Therefore a sample was drawn to represent the entire population, it consisted of 120 respondents both males and females from various categories and groups such as the rural parishes, education committee, town council technical staff, politicians and the private sector. The study was both quantitative and qualitative, Sampling methods used were simple random sampling using lottery method, stratified random sampling and judgmental method, and the main instruments used for data collection were questionnaires, interviews, observation and focus group discussions. Based on the findings, it was observed in the relationship/correlation between Disarmament and Human Rights violation that Disarmament leads to Arbitrary Searches, Arrests, and Detentions, Torture and ill- treatment, Looting and Destruction of Property, Unlawful Killings and Excessive Use of Force. Looking at the major causes of Human Rights violations during Disarmament exercise, it was found out that the major causes of Human Rights violations during Disannarnent exercise are, Ignorance of the locals over their rights, Absence of strong leadership, Absence of Human Rights commission in the local communities which lead to Torture and death, Thefi and destruction of property among others like, unlawful killings, and arbitrary detention during cordon and search. Later, it was found out that the solution to this is through Re-instating voluntary Disarmament, Punishing the Human Rights violators, and Introducing a neutral body. Lastly I came up with some possible recommendations on areas pertaining Human Rights violations in the district like for example the government has to compensate victims of unlawful killings, torture, ill treatment, arbitrary detention, and looting by the government forces and to set up an independent commission to study the district situation.
A dissertation submitted to the college of humanities and social sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a Bachelor’s Degree of development studies of Kampala International University