Bachelor of Arts in Development Studies

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    Tertiary education and youth employment in Mogadishu, Somalia
    (Kampala International University. College of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2020-03) Ali Farah, Abdullahi
    The study sought to investigate the influence of Tertiary government education policy on youth employment in Mogadishu, Somalia. This study was guided by three specific objectives these were; (i) To examine the forms of tertiary institutions in promoting youth employment in Mogadishu, Somalia, (ii) To examine the skills offered by tertiary institutions in promoting youth employment in Mogadishu, Somalia and (iii) To examine the influence of Tertiary education policy on youth employment in Mogadishu, Somalia. The research employed descriptive research design to describe the relationship between the variables. The findings revealed the following; the forms offered by tertiary institutions in promoting youth employment applied among the youths in Mogadishu Somalia include University education, vocational education and technical education and these were generally rated satisfactory, therefore implying that the tertiary education activities such as government, Forms of tertiary education and skills improvement have tried to play a key role in promoting employment among the youths in Mogadishu, tertiary education has a significant correlation on youth employment in Mogadishu, Somalia, hence implying that improving tertiary education can significantly increase youth employment activities in Mogadishu, Somalia, and lastly government policy has a significant influence on youth employment in Mogadishu, Somalia. The study revealed the following conclusions; Forms of tertiary education have led to development of various Skills among youths which include; Craft Making Skills, Tailoring Skills, Entrepreneurship/Business Management Skills, Electrical Engineering, Computer and Secretarial Skills Training and Catering and Food Production Skills which have tried to play a key role in promoting youth employment in Mogadishu, Somalia, because tertiary education develops the youths and results in superior performance with in their activities by replacing the traditional weak practices by efficient and effective work related practices, and lastly, government policy not only develops the capabilities of the youths but also sharpen their thinking ability and creativity in order to take better decision in time and in more productive manner, it also enables the youths to behave in an effective manner. The following were the recommendations: the government of Somalia should provide financial support to partners and institutions implementing tertiary education activities. This could take either or all of the following forms: cost recovery through charging user fees; government part funding to the tertiary education institutions. The following was the contribution to knowledge: in spite of the efforts of the Government of Somalia and international community, weak coordination and fragmented implementation of actions has not supported the effective growth of the tertiary education sector. Implementation of education programs in Mogadishu, Somalia is coordinated through the Education Sector Committee (ESC), yet there are many partners with sub-programs falling under this sector but subsumed under a different thematic area. In such situations, tertiary education does not receive appropriate technical direction for its success.
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    The role of women in post war development and administration of Juba Town, Southern Sudan
    (Kampala International University; College of Humanities and Social Science, 2006-09) Nafuoni, Karlo P.
    The study aimed at analyzing and describing the role of Women in the post war development of Juba Town, South Sudan. It covered two main Women Organizations in Juba: Women Desk Department of the Archdiocese of Juba, and the General Women Union Association of Juba. Women Desk department is purely Catholic, while the general Union is a multipurpose or comprises of different denominations. The study was confined on these two departments because it was easier to collect the necessary information needed. The also aimed at how to combine skills women have, together with those of men to bear fruit more effectively on development programmes. Among the traits studied were the educated workingwomen, who qualified for the Questionnaire, and the uneducated working class who were interviewed through the discussion guide. The findings indicated that women in Juba have undergone many difficulties during the War, which are hindering them from full participation in the development process. However, it was found out that despite all these challenges, women can perform well based on their endurance of hardships during the war - and this can only be materialized when given the chance of empowerment, and full participation in the development process of Juba town. The recommendations advanced included: stopping of violence against Women, providing proper education for women, involving full participation of women in decision-making process, creating unity among women, forming women groups, bringing the perpetrators to court for justice, availing government support to women, and rendering respect towards women. Women can contribute to bring change in Juba, because they managed to keep their families during the War. They have potential which need to be put to practice only through empowerment and full participation. The past experiences need to be abandoned and a new chapter must be opened. More Research is needed on such phenomenon in order to fully realize the positive role women can play in the development of south Sudan in general and Juba Town in particular.
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    The impacts of Food Insecurity among the Residents of Endebes Division in Trans-Zoia County.
    (Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences., 2012-10) Yego, N. Irene
    The analysis of food insecurity and coping strategies of rural people during food insecurity in Endebess division , Tranzoia district was examined between May and October 2012. The ultimate objectives ofthe study were to: (i) Examine the causes of food shortages in rural households of Endebess division (ii) document the coping strategies of the people during food shot1ages; (iii) to examine people's opinions on the mitigation of food shortage in their area. The data were collected using questionnaires that were administered to respondents. Questionnaires covered the social economic and demographic characteristics of respondents and all the objectives of the study. The sample size of the study constituted 30 households represented by their heads. Besides the respondents, Focus Group Discussions were conducted for both men and women. The researcher also interviewed key members of the community, for example local leaders, community based development workers, and cultural leaders among others. Data were analyzed using statistical package for the social scientists (SPSS) and a chi-square test was done to test the factors responsible for the prevalence of food insecurity in the area. It was found out that many people in the Division are food insecure with over 45% of the respondents reportedly having suffered from food insecurity as a result of poverty, sale of food to meet human basic needs, inadequate labor, unreliable rainfall and poor health. However, farmers have always coped with food insecurity by employing strategies like buying and borrowing food during periods of food shortages, engaging in casual labors, selling local brew and food ratio reduction among others. There is therefore need for the government to modernize agriculture, improve prices for agricultural products, promote universal secondary education and diversify agriculture in order to alleviate food insecurity in this area.
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    Problems of Transforming Pastoralist Societies into Modern Agricultural Societies in Amudat District.
    (Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences., 2015-06) Chepundon, Mary
    This study was to investigate the problems of transforming pastoralist societies into modem agricultural societies in Amudat district. The research objectives were to find out the ways of transforming a pastoralist society into a modem society in Amudat district, to establish ways of transforming the pastoralistic lifestyle of Amudat residence into modem agricultural society and to determine the challenges of transforming a pastoral society into a modem agricultural society in Amudat district. A descriptive cross sectional survey research design was used in order to measure the characteristics and responses of the sampled participants on the specified variables of the study at the same time. A population of 50 is approximated as a sample size of 44 respondents. The findings according to the objectives finally expressed the challenges of transforming a pastoral society to a modem agricultural society, and these challenges included; unfavorable climatic conditions, high illiteracy rate, poverty among the people of the region, strong cultural ties of the pastoralists and then poor image and the negative attitude of the pastoralists such as being cruel and brutal as assumed by other people of other parts of the country. According to the findings the researcher recommended that the government should encourage the construction of modem houses thus modem homesteads through sensitizing the pastoralists about the advantages of a permanent and modem homestead compared to the temporal homesteads, the government and non-government organizations should encourage and sensitize the pastoralists to carry out agriculture especially in favorable season. They should also provide them with treated seeds and knowledge and skills of cultivation,· The government should ensure the construction of good road system so as to easy transportation of agricultural inputs and outputs in the region. In relation to this recommendation is t.he government should establish modem markets in the region so as to boost business transaction and The government should impose laws that ensure that pastoralists send their children to school to attain formal education, and also laws that ensure that pastoralists engage in activities that enable food production that's agriculture.
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    The role of Women's Economic Empowerment in the Development in Open Macro-Ecomomic Model; Case study: Kampala City.
    (Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences., 2015-06) Zaidaa, Fikira
    The general objective of this study was to establish the role of women in economic empowerment in open macroeconomic model while focusing the research on Kampala City. Both quantitative and qualitative research designs were used for this study. Qualitative research design was used because it involved a set of methods and procedures that described the study variables. Quantitative studies portrayed these variables by answering who, what, why, and how questions. Under the first objective, it was concluded that equitable distribution economic power, individual, capacity, wealth creation and distribution, creates large-scale employment opportunities, promotes balanced regional economic empowerment were among the leading roles of women's contribution to economic empowerment in open macroeconomic model. In the second objective, it was concluded that; gender discrimination, balancing work and faruily, access to financial resources, inadequate training and access to information, work-faruily interface, women's safety and gender based violence, lack of societal support, legal barriers and procedures, self-confidence and network building were the challenges facing women's contribution to economic empowerment in open macroeconomic model. Under the second objective of the study, it was concluded that; independence, income potential, satisfaction, building relationships, continuous improvement, earning extra money, building a voice, inspiring others, being creative, pay, experience, control and freedom were among the many reasons why women engage in economic empowerment programmes. According to the findings and conclusions of the study, the researcher found it necessary that the recommendations below are of much importance; The government should provide more financial assistance to small business firms and enterprises so as to promote women's contribution to economic empowennent in open macroeconomic model in Uganda. There should be more effort put on the delivery of incentives to female business communities and traders so as to foster the economic empowerment of their enterprises. Business women and small scale industrial women workers should be advised to go for training in managerial and business skills so as to foster the economic empowerment of economic empowerment in Uganda.Further research should be carried out to examine the relationship between budgetary control measures and the sustainability of women led income generating businesses in Jinja town: a case study of St. Balikudembe Market (Owino).