The Role of Formal Education to Girls in a Pastoralist Society: A Case Study of Maasai People in Monduli District, Arusha-Tanzania.

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Kampala International University, bachelors degree in social work and social administration
This research was carried out at the heart of the Maasai land, the Monduli district in Arusha region, the north-eastern part of Tanzania. Such areas like Monduli-juu and Mti-mrefu villages, Makuyuni and Duka-bovu primary schools, Moringe and Mto-wa-Mbu secondary schools, Monduli teacher's college and Monduli district headquarters were visited during data collection. The study was conducted to find out the benefits of formal education to the girl-children in the modern Maasai community. Thus, a wide range of consultation was made so as to capture sufficient information. In this, 80 respondents participated; of these, 38 were females while the remaining 42 people were males. All these participants were randomly collected to enhance unbiased and cross-cutting collection of ideas and experiences. Both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection were used, whereby data from both Primary and Secondary sources were collected. Quantitative methods included the use of questionnaires whereby the researcher tallied the results to get a statistical body of information for analysis and interpretation. Presentation of the key findings was done using tables and percentages in chapter four of this report. This study therefore came up with the following recommendations: That, the Monduli district Local Government should put in place some deliberate policies and bye-laws to ensure safety of girls on the ways to schools and at schools, and that there is a gender sensitive supply of teachers to avoid inferiority complex to girls. Central Government should formulate deliberate alternative education structures to fit in the Maasai community due to their peculiar nature of living. Training of Maasai teachers should also be given a greater attention at the National level if a collective solution is to be achieved. Civil Society Organizations and the community at large should also work together for the strategic emancipation of females through formal education. All these are because formal education especially to girls is an investment that a country/community can make and never regret due to its outrageous benefits.
A Research Report Submitted to the School of Social Sciences as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of a Bachelor of Social Works and Social Administration of Kampala International University
Formal Education, Girls, Pastoralist Society, Arusha-Tanzania