Sero-prevalance of brucelosis among patients attending medical care services at Shuuku Health Center Four in Sheema District

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Kampala International University, School of Allied Health Sciences
Back ground Brucellosis is the most infectious zoonotic infection worldwide and it is a global health problem in humans. Globally, over 500,000 new infections are reported annually and about 14% in Uganda. Objective To determine the prevalence of brucellosis among patients attending medical care services at Shuuku health center four in Sheema district. Sample size determination The sample size was determined by using Fisher’sformula N=Z2pq/d2where, N=sample size. Z=the standard deviation and the standard degree of accuracy(95% and the standard deviation of 1.96. P=the presumed sero-prevalence of 14.2%, q=1-p d=the degree or the amount of errors (5%=0.05) Method An open and closed ended questionnaire was developed and used during data collection.The questionnaire included sociodemographic data (age,sex, marital status religion education level and occupation) and the people’s awareness about brucellosis About 2 milliliters of blood samples were collected from each patient who was chosen basing on the inclusion criteria. Blood sample was clearlylabeled with a specific number. The samples were then screened using Brucellosis agglutination test. Results The findings of the study revealed that 15%, n=28 participants were positive of brucellosis and 85% n=158 participants were negative, 81males were recruited representing 43.5% and 18 were positive (22.2%) and 105 were females representing 56.5% and 10 were positive 9.5%.
A research report submitted to the School Of Allied Health Sciences in partial fulfilment of requirements for the award of Diploma In Clinical Medicine And Community Health of Kampala International University Western Campus Ishaka Bushenyi
Brucellosis, Patients, Medical care services, Shuuku Health Center IV, Sheema District