The effectiveness of common development fund in developing local governments in Rwanda.

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Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences
The study examined the Effectiveness of Common Development Fund in developing local governments in Rwanda, using community participation in Rubavu District as a case study. The study was guided by three objectives: to examine the various development projects funded by CDF in Rubavu District; to examine the contribution or the failure of CDF in enhancing participatory development projects in Rubavu District; to examine the challenges faced CDF in development projects in Rubavu District. A stratified method of sampling and purposive technique was used to select the sample. A self- administered questionnaire was used as the main method of data collection. Nonetheless, documentary review and informal interviews were used as well to supplement and validate the data collected through the self-administered questionnaire. The study findings were three main revelations: (1) requests for development projects for local entities are far from being satisfied because the national annual contribution which should be at least 10% of the government internal revenues is now 3.6% ;(2) the success of CDF: CDF used proper management of the little available funds to support decentralized entities initiatives by using distribution formula. As regards the satisfaction of people and local leaders, CDF funded 25 development projects in Rubavu District based on its areas of intervention by increasing people’ incomes. CDF has integrated new programs (PDL-HIMO, UBUDEHE and vision 2020 Umurenge for sustaining development projects and contributing to poverty reduction by improvement in terms of diversification of financing networks. (3) Major challenges faced CDF are: Insufficient financing to CDF; Insufficient updated indices, Linkage between planning and effectiveness of CDF action with regard to its mission; CDF is less or not known to partners and beneficiaries; Weak Capacity of CDF and decentralized entities in planning, management, monitoring/evaluation. Therefore, overall, the researcher recommends mobilizing more resources both from government (10% of Government Internal Revenues) and donors to finance development of local governments, to continue to use proper management of available funds and to enhance CDF capacities and its beneficiaries.
A Research Thesis Submitted to the School of Postgraduate Studies and Research in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of the Degree in Development Administration and Management of Kampala International University
Common development fund, Local governments, Rwanda.