Education Attainment and Economic Empowerment of Women in the Bunyoro Sub-Region of Uganda

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Kampala International University
This study investigated the nexus between education attainment and economic empowerment of women in Bunyoro Sub - Region in Uganda. The general objective of the study was to examine the role of education attainment on the economic empowerment of women in the Bunyoro Sub - Region of Uganda. Specifically, the study examined the influence of education attainment on women’s access to and control of land, analyzed how education attainment influences women’s participation in the labour force and, evaluated the role of education attainment in women’s entrepreneurship. The study was premised on the human capital and the Liberal Feminist theories. Descriptive and correlation research designs, with a mixed method approach, were adopted. From a target population of 1,025,038 women, a sample of four hundred (400) respondents was derived using Slovene’s formula. Choice of respondents was by stratified random and purposive sampling techniques. Data collection methods were questionnaire survey, interviews and Focus Group Discussions while data collection tools included questionnaire, interview guide and focused group discussion guide. At a response rate of 91.5%, 364 questionnaires were used to collect quantitative data. Qualitative data were elicited from additional 25 key informants and analyzed using content analysis. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as means and standard deviation, as well as inferential statistics such as Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient and ANOVA. Findings revealed that aggregately, education attainment was significantly correlated with women’s economic empowerment. Further, education attainment predicted 11.2% of access to and control of land, 15.9% of labour force participation and, 28.2% of entrepreneurship. Conclusively, the null hypothesis that there is no significant influence of education attainment on economic empowerment of women was rejected while the alternate hypothesis that education attainment significantly influences economic empowerment of women was accepted. The study recommends that government sets up of a special fund for women’s education, parliament and all stakeholders create awareness of the new succession law which gives women equal inheritance rights, district land commissions of inquiry be set up, affirmative action be extended to lower levels of education, ICT training and learning becomes mandatory for learners and teachers, e-learning at all education levels, and establishment of a micro finance scheme in Bunyoro Sub - Region. The study made contextual, conceptual, practical, and theoretical contributions to knowledge and highlights investigation of other determinants of economic empowerment of women in Uganda, Education attainment and entrepreneurship, as areas for further investigation.
A Research Report Presented to the College Of Humanities and Social Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Development Studies of Kampala International University
Education, Economic Empowerment, Women, Bunyoro Sub-Region