Doctor of Philosophy in Development Studies

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    Decentralization and youth participation in local government in Uganda
    (Kampala International University, College of Humanities and social Science, 2021-11) Shaft, Nasser Mukwaya
    This study was conducted to assess the Influence of Decentralization onYouth Participation in Local Governments in Uganda. The study was guided by the four objectives:To assess forms of youth participation under decentralization in Local Government, establishing platforms for youth participation under decentralization in Local Government, establishing factors affecting youth participation under decentralization in Local Government and; to assess the influence of decentralization structure on youth participation in Uganda. The study was anchored on Harts ladder model of participation, institutional theory and theory of collective action. The study also adopted descriptive research design and mixed method approach with concurrent triangulation method of data collection. The study was based on a target population of 411,145 with a sample population of 384 respondents for quantitative data; and 50 participants for qualitative data. Purposive sampling and stratified random sampling techniques were used in the selection of participants. Quantitative results were analysed with the help of Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS), while qualitative data were subjected to thematic content analysis.Using cronbach alpha, the study established high reliability of the instrument; where Decentralization had a coefficient of 0.802; while youth participation had a coefficient of 0.833. Mugenda and Mugenda (2003) showed that a coefficient of 0.80 or more implies a high degree of reliability.The findings show that the youth have utilized the structures of the Local Government Council, and Women Councils as platforms for participation. The regression coefficient (R2= 0.285) indicates that a unit change in decentralization structure would bring about 25.85% change in youth participation. R2 is 0.2588 meaning that about 26 percent of variance in youth participation can be provided by decentralization structure.The remaining 74% is explained by factors such as: gender based discrimination, exclusion of Youth with Disabilities, poor access to information, inadequate level of education. The contribution of this thesis to theory is that it expands the existing body of knowledge on youth participation in the governance process. Findings indicated that local government s and political party youth leagues were the least popular platforms for youth participation with 10% and 5% frequency rate respectively.This trend reveals that attention should be given to local governments since they are the fulcrum upon which decentration, the core of local governments at all levels revolves. The study also revealed that although inadequate financial resources (freq 28,percentage freq 7%) are one of the key factors affecting youth participation in decision-making, they are secondary to gender discrimination(freq 94,percentage freq 24%), poor information flow(freq 219,percentage freq 33%);and dysfunctional local government and s(freq 85,percentage freq 22%). The study recommends that youth participation in the governance process should be enhanced through increased awareness creation and capacity building targeting both the youth leaders and duty bearers, reforms in the structures responsible for youth participation at the Local Government level, reforms in the legal, policy regulatory and institutional framework, provision of adequate funding to the youth programs and structures, promotion of multi-sectoral approach to youth programming, promotion of public private partnerships , improved access to relevant information and quality education and promotion of affirmative action.
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    Education Attainment and Economic Empowerment of Women in the Bunyoro Sub-Region of Uganda
    (Kampala International University, 2022-06) Kirahora, Barongo Eleanor
    This study investigated the nexus between education attainment and economic empowerment of women in Bunyoro Sub - Region in Uganda. The general objective of the study was to examine the role of education attainment on the economic empowerment of women in the Bunyoro Sub - Region of Uganda. Specifically, the study examined the influence of education attainment on women’s access to and control of land, analyzed how education attainment influences women’s participation in the labour force and, evaluated the role of education attainment in women’s entrepreneurship. The study was premised on the human capital and the Liberal Feminist theories. Descriptive and correlation research designs, with a mixed method approach, were adopted. From a target population of 1,025,038 women, a sample of four hundred (400) respondents was derived using Slovene’s formula. Choice of respondents was by stratified random and purposive sampling techniques. Data collection methods were questionnaire survey, interviews and Focus Group Discussions while data collection tools included questionnaire, interview guide and focused group discussion guide. At a response rate of 91.5%, 364 questionnaires were used to collect quantitative data. Qualitative data were elicited from additional 25 key informants and analyzed using content analysis. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as means and standard deviation, as well as inferential statistics such as Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient and ANOVA. Findings revealed that aggregately, education attainment was significantly correlated with women’s economic empowerment. Further, education attainment predicted 11.2% of access to and control of land, 15.9% of labour force participation and, 28.2% of entrepreneurship. Conclusively, the null hypothesis that there is no significant influence of education attainment on economic empowerment of women was rejected while the alternate hypothesis that education attainment significantly influences economic empowerment of women was accepted. The study recommends that government sets up of a special fund for women’s education, parliament and all stakeholders create awareness of the new succession law which gives women equal inheritance rights, district land commissions of inquiry be set up, affirmative action be extended to lower levels of education, ICT training and learning becomes mandatory for learners and teachers, e-learning at all education levels, and establishment of a micro finance scheme in Bunyoro Sub - Region. The study made contextual, conceptual, practical, and theoretical contributions to knowledge and highlights investigation of other determinants of economic empowerment of women in Uganda, Education attainment and entrepreneurship, as areas for further investigation.