Cash-Based Intervention and Host Community Livelihood in Kiryandongo Refugee Settlement, Kiryandongo District, Uganda

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Kampala International University
This study examines the influence of cash-based interventions (CBI) on the host community's livelihood in the Kiryandongo refugee settlement, Uganda. It evaluated a shift in humanitarian relief strategies, with the integration of CBI alongside traditional in-kind aid. CBI not only meets the fundamental needs of refugees through cash support but also significantly contributes to the development of the local host economy. However, the impact of CBI on host communities has received limited attention in previous research. Grounded in Marc Zimmerman's empowerment theory, this study focuses on the unique context of Kiryandongo, characterized by rapid population growth and below-average socio-economic indicators. It investigates CBI's effects on host community livelihood, encompassing agriculture, small businesses, and locally produced goods and services. The research, employed a case-study design with 384 respondents and 15 key informants, relies on both primary and secondary data for analysis. Findings revealed a substantial positive impact of CBI on the livelihoods of both refugees and the host community in Kiryandongo. Approximately 80% of field reports corroborated these positive effects. CBI indirectly stimulated agriculture, supported small businesses, enhanced local goods and services, and improved infrastructure. Study confirms Cash-Based Interventions' profound impact on Kiryandongo refugee settlement, enhancing livelihoods, businesses, services, and infrastructure. Advocates continued support. The study recommends measures to strengthen and expand CBI programs, including capacity building in agriculture, support for small businesses, quality assurance, local production, infrastructure development, robust monitoring and evaluation, collaborative efforts, and ongoing research and knowledge dissemination.
A Dissertation Submitted to the College of Humanities and Social Sciences in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Award of Master of Arts Degree in Human Rights and Development of Kampala International University
Cash-Based Intervention, Host Community, Livelihood, Kiryandongo Refugee Settlement