Factors affecting household solid waste management in Ishaka Division, Bushenyi Ishaka Municipality

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Kampala International University, School of Allied Health Sciences
Introduction The overall goal of urban solid waste management is to collect, treat and dispose of solid waste generated by all urban population groups in an environmentally and socially satisfactory manner using the most economical means available. Objective To determine the factors affecting household solid waste management in Ishaka Division Bushenyi Ishaka municipality Methods The study was a cross-sectional study that used quantitative methods of data collection. The study was conducted in Ishaka Division, Ishaka–Bushenyi Municipality. The study population comprised of heads of selected households in Ishaka Division Bushenyi Ishaka municipality. A semi-structured interviewer administered questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data from the respondents. Filled-in questionnaires were checked for completeness and consistency of the responses. Data entry was done using Microsoft Excel. Discussion Results from this study have shown that most respondents believe that providing public education could improve the waste management situation. Other studies done elsewhere have previously suggested that such awareness could increase participation in solid waste management initiatives(Zhuang etal., 2008). The major categories of solid waste generated in households were the easily biodegradable food remains followed by the non-biodegradable plastics then papers. This is in agreement with a study conducted by (Christen et al., 2014). The study also found out that crude damping was the most practiced method of waste disposal as opposed to better methods like segregation and composting. These findings are true as earlier noticed in a study conducted by (Mukui, 2013) in Nairobi. Conclusion Solid waste management practices such as storage and disposal practices in the division were unsatisfactory, and separation and composting were minimally practiced. Recommendations Recycling of waste should be encouraged by the division authorities‟ government. The authorities should also promote private sector waste management to enhance recycling of waste. There is a need for concerned authorities to engage residents of Ishaka Division to improve their practices in solid waste management such as waste separation and disposal.
A research report submitted to the School Of Allied Health Sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Diploma in Clinical Medicine and Community Health of Kampala International University
Household solid waste management, Ishaka Division, Bushenyi Ishaka Municipality