Forced displacement and coping mechanisms among the displaced groups in Malakal protection of Civilians site in South Sudan

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Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences
This study sought to analyze the coping mechanisms among the displaced groups in Malakal Protection of Civilians Site in South Sudan, The study was guided by four objectives which included; to identify the living conditions bf displaced groups; to assess the challenges experienced by the displaced groups; to establish the coping mechanisms adopted by displaced groups; and to assess the physical, emotional and socio-economic effects of forced displacement among the displaced groups in Malakal PoC. Through a descriptive survey research design and by utilizing a sample of 379 respondents; self-administered questionnaires, key informant interviews and focus group discussions, demographic characteristics and key emerging results were identified. The study found out that the living conditions for displaced groups are poor. Majority of respondents in the study perceived living conditions as deplorable with poor shelter (73.8%), limited space and poor sanitation (66.2%), insufficient food (65%). Majority of respondents cited violence (physical and sexual), lack of livelihood, lack of quality education, war, killings, restricted movement, fear, stress, unemployment, poor feeding, poor shelter and poor water supply as challenges faced by displaced persons in Malakal PoC. To cope, the study found out that while some displaced groups were adopting to positive coping through social and religious engagements, others were coping through disengagement, denial and substance abuse. Majority of respondents believed that forced displacement has significantly affected the lives of displaced persons physically, emotionally, socially and economically. Based on the study findings, critical decisions and actions are required from the local community, national government, humanitarian actors including the UN and the donor community to promote positive resilience among displaced groups in the UN protection of civilians’ sites.
A thesis submitted to the college of humanities and social sciences of Kampala International University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a Masters of Arts degree in Human Rights and Development of Kampala International University
Forced displacement, Coping mechanisms, Displaced groups, South Sudan