African union military intervention and peace building in Mogadishu, Somalia

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Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences
The study “African Union Military Intervention and Peace Building in Somalia” set out to examine the extent to which the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) ‘has contributed to stability and peace building in Somalia. The objectives among others includes assessing the role of AMISOM in resolving instability and conflict in Somalia, examining the challenges faced by AMISOM in managing the conflict and building peace in Somalia, as well as the methods used by the African Union military intervention forces in peace building in Somalia. Conceptualized on the premise of the ‘Just War theory’; the study adopted the exploratory descriptive research design using Survey as the research method, employing both quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection. Findings reveal that the continental peace architecture of African Union through AMISOM provides an institutional framework for implementing the concept of a comprehensive peace that encompasses conflict prevention, peacemaking. Peacekeeping, post-conflict reconstruction and peace building. At the pinnacle of this architecture is the AU Peace and Security Council (PSC) established in 2004 with ten members elected for two-year terms and five for three-year terms in order to provide some stability and continuity to the Council’s leadership. Further findings reveal that the African Upion Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) to a large extent have succeeded in restoring peace and order, and ensuring a central government in Somalia. Based on the findings, the study concludes that though African Union Military Intervention in Somalia suffers from poor institutional competence, lack of resources, funds and troop contributions, and remains highly dependent on assistance from outside organizations which tend to undermine its effectiveness to main peace and stability, it has been a stabilizing element in Somalia. The study therefore, recommends increased funding for AMISOM; inclusion of young people as stakeholders in the peace building and security process; adoption of awareness and sensitization as part of the AMISOM intervention; as well as establishment of community information control channels
A thesis presented to the College of Higher Degrees and Research in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a degree of Master of International Relations and Diplomacy of Kampala International University
African union military intervention, Peace building, Mogadishu, Somalia