Absenteeism on students’ performance in mixed public secondary schools :

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Kampala International University, College of Economics and Management
The objective of this study was to assess the effect of absenteeism on academic performance of students in mixed public secondary schools in Manafwa District (Narnisindwa). The assessment was made by characteristics of the students, absenteeism causes that is poverty, sexual abuse and school related factors. Using primary data based on a sample of 180 candidate students from Magale sss and comprehensive sss, 50 teachers and 20 head teachers/D.O.Ss were also involved in the study, across sectional survey design was adopted where data was obtained from students, teachers and head teachers/D.O.Ss using questionnaires. The analysis was made using SPSS 16.0 at three levels of analysis based on the records of all the respondents. it involved use of frequency distribution, Pearson correlation coefficient, ANOVA and multiple linear regression. In the results, an average of 6.47 points in the academic performance shows a moderate performance among the students. in the multivariate analysis, students’ performance was significantly associated with the students’ absenteeism causes that is poverty, sexual abuse and school related factor and the characteristics of students under sex (p<O.O5). 56.7% of the students’ academic performance is explained by the variables involved in the study. In particular, students’ academic performance increased with improvement in poverty, sexual abuse and school related factors. Male students had a higher level of academic performance compared to female students. Students whose age was less than 14 years had a high academic performance compared to students who are above 14 years. Both teachers and head teachers revealed that the rate of absenteeism is not high in their schools with 95% and 56% respectively and they inferred that absenteeism affects academic performance with a percentage rate of 88 and 76.6 respectively. From the above conclusions, the study recommended that Schools should always employ skilled teachers who can motivate students to reduce absenteeism as it is evident in the study that teachers don’t motivate students, the government should provide more sanitary equipments especially pads to the girls as it is still a big cause of absenteeism and that teachers should always give extra lessons to absentees in order to improve the general performance of schools.
A research report submitted to the college of economics and management in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a Bachelors Degree in Statistics of Kampala International University
Absenteeism, secondary schools, Manafwa