Bachelors of Science Degree in Statistics

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    Real exchange rate, inflation rate and private investments in Uganda (1990-2014)
    (Kampala International University, school of Economics and Management, 2017-05) Adam, Mohamed M. Abdulahi
    The main objective of the study is to examine the impact of real exchange rate and inflation on private investments in Uganda. The two objectives were to determine the effect of real exchange rate on private investment; to determine the effect of inflation rate on private investment. The study used Real exchange rate, Inflation rate, Bank credit, Foreign direct investment, Public investment and trade as the determinants of private investment using secondary data for a period of 1990-2014 gathered from the world bank database. Analysis was carried out using a combination of both correlation and an ordinary least squares multivariate regression model. The data shows that the level of private investment has steadily been increasing for the 24 -year period considered in this study. Furthermore, the rate of inflation in Uganda has been quite irregular though averagely stable in the recent years with some slight movements up and down. Additionally, the real exchange rates have been decreasing though at a rather irregular rate for between 1990 and 2014. The results of the regression analysis show that there exists very significant negative effect of real exchange rate on private investment in Uganda. Further analysis indicates that there exists a negative and significant effect of inflation rate on private investment after log transformation in Uganda. The study concludes that inflation is very insignificant in explaining the observed trend in private investment. Thus, an increase in inflation may lead to a decrease in private investment. The study further concludes that there is a very significant negative effect of overall real exchange rate on the level of private investment in an economy. In other words, an increase in the average value of real exchange rate in the economy is expected to result into a decrease in the average level of private investment in the economy. Since the results reveal that mild changes in the overall rate of inflation have got a stimulatory effect on private investment, the study recommends that it is imperative for the policy makers to adopt structural reforms that will keep the inflation rate in check so as to stimulate the economy. Furthermore, due to the very significant effect of the real exchange rate (price level) on private investment in Uganda, the study recommends that policy makers ought to adopt strategic and systematic that would prevent the exchange rates from escalating through strategies that would bring more foreign currency into the economy since its impact on private investment can easily be felt. The study also recommends that policy makers should formulate competition policies within the Ugandan trade sector as this will not only help reduce fake goods in the market, but also help expand access to finance for private investors as this will bring more money in circulation, offer wider choices of products, and encourage better services hence economic growth ofthe country.
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    Factors contributing to maternal death in Bukedea District : a case study at Bukedea health centre iv
    (Kampala International University, College of Economics and Management, 2019-08) Ijoot, John Peter
    The General Objective of the study was to determine the factors associated with maternal deaths at Bukedea Health Center IV in Bukedea district. The specific objectives were: to determine the knowledge of expectant mothers on antenatal care and maternity services in Bukedea district, to establish the accessibility of maternal health services by mothers in Bukedea district, to establish the availability of necessary equipment and logistics at Bukedea Health Center IV and to establish the availability of adequate human resource at Bukedea Health Centre IV. The findings of the study revealed that expectant mothers have knowledge on antenatal care and maternity services in Bukedea as respondents agreed with the statements with a mean greater mean response except that most of them rejected that they do not receive enough health facilities when they go for antenatal care, most of the respondents agreed that maternal health services are accessible by mothers at Bukedea Health Center IV, respondents accepted to a greater extent that the necessary equipments and logistics are available at Bukedea health center TV except the nutritional supplements and that the Cesarean section is not well equipped furthermore, the findings further revealed that that respondents moderately accepted that there is adequate human resource at Bukedea Health Centre IV whereas most of the employees rejected the statements that there are enough trained medical workers to provide antenatal services at Bukedea health Centre IV. The study recommended that; the government should make sure that it motivates the employees and provide all the necessary equipments in order to improve on the facilities given to mothers who go for antenatal care, the government should extend health centers to most areas as respondents gave evidence that the travel long distances to reach the health centers and also the means of transport should be improved. The government should provide nutritional supplements as the findings gave evidence that they are not provided, the government should equip the Cesarean section in order to reduce on maternal mortality rate and the study generally recommended that the government should hire enough employees and motivate them in order to provide enough services and reduce on the maternal mortality rate.
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    Imports and economic growth in Uganda (1995-2011)
    (Kampala International University, College of Economics and Management, 2013-06) Ayen, Moris Okucu
    This research report set out to investigate the relationship between imports and economic growth (measured by GDP) in Uganda (1995-20 1 1), the study employed time series survey data since examined data for a short time ,its objectives were; to establish the trend of import in Uganda(1995-201 1, to establish the trend of GDP growth of Uganda(1995-201 1) ,to investigate the relationship between import and GDP growth in Uganda (1995-2011), the hypothesis of the study was there is no significant relationship between imports and GDP growth in Uganda time series analysis such Correlation analysis, regression analysis mechanisms were used. The trend of imports and GDP growth showed a general increase with percentages change of 80.65 and 66. 1 percent respectively. Using the correlation, regression approach, there was a strong positive correlation between imports and GDP growth(r 0.994 ),there was also significant relationship between imports and GDP growth at 0.05. level of significance,) stationary was tested and found that both imports and GDP has trend by using ACF and PACF. In conclusion therefore. both import and GDP growth has a general increase, there is a positive relationship between import and growth in Uganda which agreed with Khan(1997), Grima(1982),Connolly(1998) study on imports and GDP growth this has implied that the importation of goods and services play a very important role in economic growth of Uganda. The trend in import implies that as people income increases the demand ~or foreign goods and services increases. The study has also supported the theory of comparative advantages since developing country like Uganda cannot foster without importation of goods and services. Finally Uganda should embark much on the exportation of good to increase on the country level of growth.
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    Cash management and performance of microfinance institutions :
    (Kampala International University, College of Economics and Management, 2016-10) Kukirisa, Richard
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    The use of ict and economic welfare in Uganda, a case study of Makindye Division
    (Kampala International University, College of Economics and Management, 2018-10) Kakungu, Leah
    There have been various efforts by the government of Uganda to improve on the level of ICT use and economic welfare. However the level of KT use and Economic welfare is still very low due to poor implementation of these policies. Its for this reason that the main aim of this study was to determine the use of ICT and Economic welfare in Uganda and the other objective was to establish a relationship between ICT use and Economic Welfare. A cross sectional survey that involved the use of questionnaires with close ended questions was used to collect data on I~T use and Economic welfare from 100 respondents in Makindye division, Kampala. Data analysis was carried out using MS Excel, SPSS and STATA statistical software packages. The results indicated that there is a positive significant relationship between ICT use and Economic Welfare. The highest number of respondents agreed that their Economic welfare improved as a result of using computers while few respondents still cannot afford ICT services and have low welfare. The study also indicated that this positive. relationship between ICT and Economic welfare can only be achieved when intervening factors like reduction in the level of poverty, improvement in education levels, cultural diversification and favorable government policies can help improve the level of ICT use and Economic welfare in Uganda.