Effect of food insecurity on household’s welfare a case study of Panyangara Sub-County, Kotido District, Kramoja North Eastern Uganda

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Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences
The study examines the effects of food insecurity on households Welfare in Karamoj a, Panyangara sub-county, Kotido District. The study was guided by the following objectives; to assess whether food insecurity leads to malnutrition, to examine whether food insecurity leads to persistent poverty, to find out whether food insecurity leads to cattle rustling, to know whether food insecurity leads to inflation. The researcher used primary and secondary sources of information. With primary source of information, respondents were interviewed and the data was also collected through observation method while with secondary source of information, the data was collected through review of the available literature. The findings revealed that food insecurity affects the population in the way that, it leads to malnutrition, persistent poverty, cattle rustling and inflation. Basing on the findings, it was evident that substantial number of households could hardly afford three meals a day thus hindering the socio-economic development of people in Panyangara subcounty and Kotido district as a whole. The researcher therefore recommends that; Food security should be made a priority for civil society organization projects. Food security campaigns in the area should therefore focus on helping the communities produce their own food through introduction of drought resistant, quick harvesting crops and sensitizing them against wastage of food during bumper harvests as well as providing proper post-harvest handling systems. This should go hand in hand with the provision of food in the short- run that will ensure that people do not eat the seeds as reported by some respondents and teaching them to effectively utilize their land without causing environmental destruction and eroding soil erosion. The government should also encourage the people affected by food insecurity to start up income generating activities that can raise money for food, for instance; grocery, tailoring, baking! Food service, hair salon, brick making, crop! Animal husbandry such as free range poultry keeping
A research report submitted to the college of humanities and social sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of bachelor degree in social work and social administration of Kampala International University
Food insecurity, Household’s welfare