Prevalence of malaria in pregnant women who attended Kampala International University Teaching Hospital between January 2015 and December 2015

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Kampala International University, School of Allied Health Sciences
Introduction: Malaria is a life threatening parasitic disease transmitted by female anopheles’ mosquitoes. It is the most highly prevalent tropical disease, with high morbidity and mortality and high economic and social impact. Malaria is a major public health problem affecting between 300–500 million people annually (Guyatt et al, 2004.) Methodology: A cross-sectional retrospective study was carried out to assess the prevalence of malaria in pregnancy among pregnant women who attended Kampala International University Teaching Hospital with an objective of assessing the prevalence, preventive measures and outcomes of the condition. Results: A total of 53 cased were found to have developed the condition in the year 2015. Thus the prevalence for that year was found to be 5.4% (54 cased per 1000 pregnant women). The age group which was most affected was between 20 to 24 years. Women in their second trimester pregnancy had the highest rate of the condition (30.2%). Those in their third trimester were also the most affected (35.8%). Most women had taken the first dose of intermittent preventive therapy (52.8%) but only few had taken the second dose (26. 4%).The complications which were encountered were severe maternal anemia (9.4%), low birth weight (5%), preterm birth (4%), and fetal demise (2%) Conclusion: The study will reveal whether the community is aware of the ways of the transmission of the disease i.e. bites from the infected mosquito, whether they have knowledge on how to prevent the disease and also its possible outcomes i.e. complications. Recommendation People’s attitudes should be geared towards knowing that it is their responsibility to reduce the prevalence of malaria in pregnancy in the community by making preventive measure such as vector control by draining stagnant water and clearing bushes around their homes.
A research report submitted to the School Of Allied Health Sciences in partial fulfillment for the award of a Diploma in Clinical Medicine and Community Health of Kampala International University
Malaria in pregnant women, Kampala International University Teaching Hospital