Sanitation and health in Kawempe Division: case study Katanga

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Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences
The study aimed at critically assessing sanitation and health. The objectives were to identify diseases or infections which come as a result of poor sanitation, to examine the strategies that can be adopted to reduce poor sanitation. To establish proper waste management and water supply. The exploratory research design was employed using both quantitative and qualitative research techniques taking Katanga as a case study. The study was carried out mainly using quantitative approach of research. This approach set to establish a clear and objective orientation a vigorous, disciplined and systematic procedure, and a reality bound methodology, which allows arriving at a theory that should be distinguished from a social philosophy, abstract speculation and everyday assumptions (Betrabd W 1993), (Shiff C 1991). This helped the researcher to identify the diseases, infections which come as a result of poor sanitation in details concerning the phenomenon under the study. Target population is defined as a compute set of individuals, cases/objects with some common observable characteristics of aparticular nature distinct from other population. According to Ngechu (2004), a population is a well-defined or set of people, services, elements and events, group of things or households that are being investigated. The primary population of the study was the children, youth and these provided primary information about the ongoing situation under investigation. The key informants were the elderly who included the local council members and parents both females and males from the same site were used . The result in table 4.8 shows that majority of the respondents (75%) the construction of more pit — latrine, regular cleaning of toilets can be enhanced because every homestead will be having a pit — latrine of its own. And also the few private toilet facilities will be maintained clean. The study recommends the district, community, water and sanitation agencies and NGOs should all help the communities to build toilet facilities and institute better mechanisms of rubbish disposal systems through subsidies.
A dissertation submitted to the college of humanities and social sciences in partial fulfillment for the requirement for the award of bachelor’s degree in development studies of Kampala International University
Sanitation, Health, Kawempe Division, Katanga