Undernutrition among HIV positive children of age 1-5 years attending the art clinic in Bushenyi Health Centre IV Ishaka-Bushenyi Municipality, Bushenyi District

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Kampala International University, School of Allied Health Sciences
Background; Worldwide, more than 3.4 million children below 5 years are infected with HIV. Both acute and chronic malnutrition are major problems for HIV-positive children living in resource-limited setting. HIV sero-prevalence in severely malnourished Ghanaians children is 27.2% out of the 29.2% worldwide. In Uganda, the data from ART clinics revealed that up to 23% of mothers and 50% of children who were on treatment have moderate acute malnutrition. RTo understand Undernutrition in HIV positive children aged 1-5 years in Bushenyi District western Uganda; a study was conducted in Bushenyi Health Centre IV to determine the common forms of Undernutrition, mother awareness of Undernutrition and the management protocol conferred to HIV positive children Results; There were 61 participants of which 54% were females and 46% were males, 41% were between age 1-2 years, 31% 5 years and 28% 3-4 years. The study indicated that 82% of the guardians had good knowledge about Undernutrition, with 18% having little knowledge of the problem in HIV positive children. In this study using the z-score in data analysis, there were 3 children which were less than -2SD (-2 standard deviation) and the overall prevalence of Undernutrition was 5%. The guardians were asked whether they had heard about RUTF in the hospital management of Undernutrition in HIV positive children, and 79% of the respondents confirmed that they had heard about it and they prefer their Undernourished children to be managed with that form from the health units. However, 21% preferred managing their children from home without getting to the health unit. Conclusion; Prevalence of Undernutrition in HIV aged 1-5 years is high and majority of the children are underweight with Moderate Acute Malnutrition. Some HIV positive caretakers still have inadequate knowledge about Undernutrition in their children. Some people are lacking knowledge about the management of Undernutrition in HIV positive children.
A research dissertation submitted to the School Of Allied Health Sciences as a requirement in partial Fulfilment for the award of a Diploma In Clinical Medicine and Community Health at Kampala International University Western Campus
Undernutrition, HIV positive children, Art Clinic, Bushenyi Health Centre IV, Ishaka-Bushenyi Municipality, Bushenyi District