Assessment of care-takers knowledge, practice and attitudes in the management of diarrhea in children below five years in Nawampiti Parish

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Kampala International University, School of Allied Health Sciences
Introduction: IN Uganda diarrhea is among the leading causes of childhood morbidity and mortality. Uganda had the highest number of under-five child deaths (145,000) in the world and is one of the 42 countries in the world that contribute about 90% of all under five childhood deaths in the world. Diarrhoea can occur as a symptom of many different illnesses, and as a side effect of some drugs. Objective: the study aimed at determining the knowledge practice and attitude that care takers have in managing of darrhoea in children five years of age and below as well as establishing the treatment given Method: data was collected from 75 people among the community by use of preceded response schedule, any child care taker of any sex and sex who was found in the home stead five years of age and consented to be interviewed was recruited in this study. the data was than analyzed Microsoft word, results presented in a table form and short comments were discussed Results: the mean age of respondents was 37 years; the majority of the respondents were females 96%. The largest population 41.3% had attained formal education, while at least 36% had primary level education. 40% percent of the respondents mentioned using ant diarrheal drugs and 40 percent of the care takers gave oral fluids instead of drugs. 90.7% of the mothers knew about ors but only 29% of these knew how to prepare it. 42.7% of others knew about sugar salt solution but only 9.4% could prepare it well. 96% of the respondents had positive attitude towards treatment while 46% did not believe in using traditional treatment. 25.3% believed in using both traditional and medical treatment medicine. 40% of the mothers believed that increased feeding Intensifies diarrhea Discussion: poor knowledge was associated with low education level, most respondents were house wives, and most population subsides on peasant farming and small scale trading hence poor knowledge including poor practice and knowledge and attitude were found in area of low social economic status than else where Conclusion: according to the findings, therefore the conclusion is that most respondents still lack adequate knowledge, appropriate practice and attitude about treatment of diarrhea in children
A research report submitted to the School Of Allied Health Sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a Diploma In Clinical Medicine and Community Health of Kampala International University
Care-takers knowledge, Practice and attitudes, Management of diarrhea, Diarrhea in children, Nawampiti Parish