Prevalence and contributing factors of high risk pregnancies among women attending antenatal clinic at Mubende regional referral hospital Mubende district, Uganda

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Kampala International University. School of Health Sciences Western Campus
In 2013, complications of pregnancy resulted globally in 293,000 deaths, down from 377,000 deaths in 1990. The most common causes of maternal mortality are maternal bleeding, maternal sepsis and other infections, hypertensive diseases of pregnancy, obstructed labor, and pregnancy with abortive outcome, which includes miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, and elective abortion (GBD 2013) .Across sectional study design was used to determine the prevalence of high risk pregnancies among mothers who attend ANC in Mubende Regional Hospital. A systematic random sampling to obtain a sample of 384 respondents, and structured questionnaire to collect data were used. Data was coded, entered, and prevalence of high risk pregnancies was analyzed with SPSS, reporting frequency counts and percentages and then treated to descriptive statistics.The prevalence of high risk pregnancy was 72.7%. Among the contributing factors for high risk BMI more than 25 124(32.3) was the most common followed by too soon pregnancies 107(27.9) and the least was systolic blood pressure more than 140 5(1.3). A big number of mothers who attended ANC in, 277(72.1) had high risk pregnancies.The prevalence of high risk factors among pregnant mothers is very high.We recommend organization of out reaches to sensitize the community on dangers of high risk pregnancies to the mother and the child; and health education about the causes and prevention of the effects of high risk pregnancies.
A research report presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of degree of bachelor of medicine and surgery at Kampala International University.
Antenatal Clinic, Women, Mubende regional referral hospital, Mubende district, Uganda