Assessing undergraduate students' motivation to study pharmacy, attitudes and future career professional choices in universities of Uganda

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Kampala International University, School of Health Sciences- Western Campus
Background: One of the contributing factor to the shortage of health professionals especially in Pharmacy, is the small number of people opting to enter the profession and it was seen that numerous factors and motivations influence the choice of a university course by young high school graduates. Objective: To assess undergraduate pharmacy students' motivation to study pharmacy, attitudes about the profession and future career professional choices in universities of Uganda. Methodology: The study was a cross- sectional descriptive study design and the study population included pharmacy students from all the three Universities in Uganda. A sample size of 278 participants was used. These were assessed using pre-validated questionnaires with several close ended and open ended questions and data collected from them was entered into SPSS, analyzed, and presented inform of tables, graphs and pie charts. Results: A greater number of the undergraduate students were aged between 23 - 25 years, 104(38.8%) and were mostly Fourth Year students 107(38.5%), 46.4% (129) of the students were from KIU, 26.6% (74) were fi·om Makerere University and 27%(75) were from Mbarara University. Male students were d:e majority 206(74.5%) and by religion Catholics were the majority 67(27.4%). Personal related reasons ranked low on motivation to study P)larmacy as only one reason out of the eleven factors li~ted (9.1 %) was a crucial motivating factor and that was, "Influence by a Pharmacist I know as a role model" 119 (44.2%). This showed studying MUST vs KIU, age 20-22 and 26-28 vs age above 28 was statistically significantly related to taking pharmacy as a first choice. Conclusion: In conclusion this study considers motivation as being either task or ego-oriented and considers extrinsic motivation to be more desirable and to result in better leaming outcomes than intrinsic motivation. The study also reveals good attitude towards pharmacy and shows that the theory of rational choice states was ap!Jlicable among KIU students since many took pharmacy hoping for certain outcomes such as e\)lployment and starting their own business. Also fits High Flyers and Life Style' Work-Life Balance Theory dmt is students are c?mmitted to pharmacy because their attitude towards qne's profession". Furthennore, the study reveals a significa:1t relationship between (lviUST andKIU ~tudents), and age (20-22 years and 26-28 years) and those above 28 years).
A research report submitted to school of pharmacy in partial fulfillment for the award of Bachelor degree in pharmacy at Kampala International University
Students' motivation, Pharmacy, Future career professional, Uganda