The cultural practices and women In decision making process in Somaliland

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Kampala International University. College of Humanities and Social Sciences
The aim of this study was to identify the role of cultural practices which is based on Somali pastoral norms and Islamic religion on the political participation of women in Somaliland. The methodology used was descriptive correlation design. Data collected included; demographic characteristics of the respondents, the effect of religion (Islam) on the political participation of women and the role of Somali pastoral norms on the political participation of women in Somaliland. However, a total of 100 questionnaires were distributed. Four main targets were purposively selected according to their willingness and empowering women to decision making areas; which samples are distributed through simple random sampling technique. The study used questionnaires to collect data. Data was analyzed through the Statistical Package for Social Science SPSS software. The findings indicated that, there is significant inverse relationship between Somali Traditional Culture and Women in Decision Making Process, suggesting that a decline in the Somali tradition based on pastoral to the women in decision making would lead to the increment in ability of women to participate in decision making arena. The implication for the government is that they should continue including women in the top positions of decision making. Thereafter, the country’s existing human potential power especially women has not been fully exploited to maximize the sustainability for development. In order to realize the full potential of the women there is need to bring the women that were abandoned by the culture back into decision making areas through various forms of support and capacity building to women. Women participation in decision making is very low when compared with countries in the region with similar system of governance. The low participation is attributed to the traditional stereotype practices.
A Thesis Presented to the College of Higher Degrees and Research Studies Kampala International University Kampala, Uganda in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts in Development Studies
Cultural practices, Decision making process, Women, Somaliland