Adherence and attitude towards oral iron and folic acid supplements among pregnant women attending maternal child health clinic of Kampala International Teaching Hospital in Bushenyi District, Uganda

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Kampala International University, School of Allied Health Sciences
INTRODUCTION: Adherence and attitude of pregnant women towards oral iron and folic acid supplements is the evaluation of compliance and knowledge of mothers towards IFA, which is a WHO recommended supplement for curbing iron deficiency anaemia. This is because anemia is the leading cause of maternal death. METHODS: A prospective crossectional survey was conducted among pregnant women attending MCH clinic in KIU-TH. The sample size of this study was determined using Yamane formula and data collected randomly through questionnaires, analysed using SPSS and tabulated in tables RESULTS: All pregnant women that participated in this research n=81, 81.5% had heard about the oral iron supplement while 18.5% had never heard about the oral iron supplement. Among those that had heard about it 95.5% took the supplement. However of those that took the supplement 34.9% were not compliant and major reason being forgetfulness with 59.1%.Majority of the mothers seemed to know the use of IFA with majority, 64.5% being aware that it prevented anaemia in both the mother and fetus and it was good for growth and development of the baby. CONCLUSION: A high prevalence of non-compliance in supplement intake was observed due to forgetfulness and side effects encountered. Mothers who had follow up and high level of education were more compliant. Key words: IFA, MCH, adherence, attitude.
A research dissertation submitted to the School Of Allied Health Sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a Diploma in Clinical Medicine and Community Health at Kampala International University Western Campus
Oral iron and folic acid supplements, Pregnant women, Maternal and child health clinic, Kampala International Teaching Hospital, Bushenyi District, Uganda