Decentralisation and service delivery in the water sector in Bukwo Sub-County Bukwo District Uganda

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Kampala International University, College of Humanities and social sciences.
The research study title, “Decentralization and service delivery in water sector”, was conducted to examine the relationship between decentralization policy and service delivery in the water sector in Bukwo Sub-county, Bukwo District under the objectives being; to establish how decentralization policy has impacted on the service delivery in the water sector, the challenges facing water sector in a decentralized setting and possible solutions to decentralization policy in trying to effectively implement its activities in the service delivery of water sector in Bukwo Sub-county, Bukwo District. This study was intended to capture information from respondents of sample Size forty through the use of purposive sampling where the researcher only targeted those who hard data about decentralization policy, however, thirty six of them turned up for interview while four district water officials were unable to participate. Besides, information was also obtained through the use of questionnaires that were given to the local leaders, civil servants at the local government and the local community. From the research findings it was found out that the major impact of decentralization on the water sector was the promotion of people’s participation in the affairs wat~r services within their localities which has promoted easy mobilization of resources from people and sustainability of water projects and with worse areas as improving standards of living and promotion of local skills among local people. Furthermore the research study findings concluded that, the major challenges facing decentralized provision of water services were found to be corruption within the sector, limited funding and inadequate qualified personnel at local levels. Other challenges were limited community participation in terms resource mobilization and maintenance of water projects and poverty which limits the ability of people to afford piped water. Finally according to study findings, the researcher recommend the need for active involvement of the local community through active participation in community works such as cleaning of water sources and also fight against corruption at all levels of water service management through setting strict bye-laws to those found corrupting the funds and resources meant to facilitate the programs of water sector, increase in funding through increasing the budgetary of water sector and increased lobbying for the sector , monitoring and participation of the local community in decision making as a way to effective realize the positive progress in the water sector.
A research dissertation submitted to the college of humanities and social sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a Bachelor’s Degree in Development studies of Kampala International University.
Decentralization, Service delivery, Water sector, Bukwo District, Uganda