African Union Operations and Sustainability of Peace Building in Mogadishu Somalia

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Kampala International University,Master degree of Arts in International Relations and Diplomatic Studies
The study examined the role African union operations and sustainability of peace building in Mogadishu-Somalia. The objectives of the study were to; to investigate the sustainability of peace building in Mogadishu-Somalia, to examine the effectiveness of African Union intervention Peace building in Mogadishu-Somalia and to analyse the relationship between African Union peace operations and peace building in Mogadishu Somalia. The research used a descriptive design, descriptive co relational, cross sectional and survey designs. It was descriptive in that it described the characteristics of respondents in collecting data from the study population totaling 356 respondents. Sampling technique was used to select the sample of 188 respondents from Mogadishu, Somalia, Ministry of interior affairs committee, other community members, Parliament committee, Local government committee were interviewed. Data was analyzed using descriptive analysis option of SPSS, and was then presented using Pearson correlation. It was found out that; males greatly participated in the study as represented by 58.5% whereas 41.4% of the respondents were females; implying that African union peace operation in Somalia involved males as they are known of their strong influence and ability in resolving conflict compared to females. Further findings revealed, based on the findings detailed from the respondent, it is clear that AU has made an important and substantial contribution to improving the security situation in Somalia. In particular, this relates to the seizure of Mogadishu from ai-Shabaab in 2011. This turn of events was facilitated by several factors, including the 2010 authorization of an increase in AU troop numbers, which increased the manpower of the mission. The study recommends that a shortage of funds prevents the AU from producing a substantial peacekeeping mission. This reality therefore prescribes the AU to investigate more economically efficient means of attaining peace; mediation has proven promising in this regard as has peace building and preventative diplomacy. Also for regionalism to take hold there must be some economic inter dependency. African union in this vain requires the AU membership to maintain the development of infrastructure and economic interdependence between members. However, a large caveat to this is infrastructure in Africa most likely originates from foreign investment overseas. This requires AU membership to be economically dependent upon foreign investment rather than being interdependent upon each other.
A Thesis Submitted To the College of Higher Degrees and Research Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of Master of Arts in International Relations and Diplomatic Studies at Kampala International University Kampala, Uganda
African Union Operations, Sustainability, Peace Building, Mogadishu Somalia