Disasters and forced displacement in Rajo IDPS Mogadishu Somalia

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Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences
The purpose of the study is to establish the effect of disasters on forced displacement in Rajo IDP5 camp Moqdishu Somalia. The study was set to determine level of disasters, to investigate the level of forced displacement in Rajo IDP5 camp Mogadishu Somalia and to establish the relationship between disasters and forced displacement the study was the descriptive design based on quantitative and quantitative approaches. The descriptive correlation design the researcher used to establish the relationship between the independent and dependent variable through quantifiable results. The study focused on the Rajo IDP5 camp Wadajir district in Mogadishu-Somalia. the study was based on a sample population of 201 who were staff and people of Rajo IDP. The data was collected using both the questionnaires and interview guide. The findings on objective one reveal that disasters highly exist in the many home lands of the IDPs, the disasters were on natural, manmade and biological, the disasters were found explaining the prevalence of displacement but more important was the man made factors which reveal an average mean of 2.88 high. The results on the second objective show that the nature of forced displacement is conflict, diseases and development induced displacement with the mean response of 2.52.Results on objective three reveal that positive relationship between disasters and forced migrations since the sig. value (.000) was far less than 0.05, which is the maximum level of significance required declaring a significant relationship in social sciences. The researcher concludes that level of disaster in Mogadishu that could be linked to displacement revealed that natural, manmade and biological disaster was in play to explain displacement, the researcher conclude that man made on the bearing of armed conflicts accounted for the much displacement given that majority respondents were in its agreement. The second objective reveal that displacement occurrences were high and the conflict situation explained the mass movement to refugee camps for safety to the conclusion that conflict situation had a reasonable bearing on displacement. It was finally established that a significant relationship was established as per objective three showing that disaster had an impact on forced displacement an implication that to curtail displacement disaster in terms of majorly conflicts need to be first addressed. The researcher recommend for the need for a focused determination and provision to solutions on issues such as natural disaster that make living hard and costly. The researcher also recommend for the establishment of security for persons especially given that conflicts accounted or explained displacements, furthermore there is need for a focused idea on the health of people by establishing a strong working atmosphere for the living. Forced displacement should be addressed through provide an adequate environment free from disaster like conflicts in order to create a health society for a living, a mechanism that can support the development and avoid massive and Rampant migrations to different places.
Research dissertation submitted to the college of humanities and social sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of masters in human rights and development Kampala international university
Disasters, Forced displacement