KIU Journal for Social Sciences

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Kampala International University
This issue of KIU Journal of Social Sciences touches on governance, development and organizational management. Kyohairwe, Auyeh, and Mwesigwa examine various aspects of citizenry participation in decentralized political settings. Kyohairwe argues that whereas citizens are hoped to bring their governments to account, in Uganda’s decentralized system, the activism of many citizens participating in the political process is foiled by their pursuit of egocentric interests. Accordingly, she argues that the opportunities for citizenry participation in political processes that are offered by the country’sdecentralized setting should be complemented by efforts towards building a politically effective citizenry. Auyeh examines the political and administrative context within which civil society organisations in Uganda emerged and are operating. He contends that while decentralisation opened an operational sphere for these organisations to mushroom, their effectiveness is hampered by shortfalls in the levels of their internal democracy, accountability and transparency. On the other hand, taking the case of Hoima District Local Government, Mwesigwa reports that citizenry participation in political governance significantly contributes to the quality of social services delivery, the inference being that citizens should actively participate in the political governance of their local governments. Indeed, in another article, he implicates voters’ behaviours for the incidence of poll violence in Uganda, further emphasising the prominence of their role in causing and solving governance and development related problems in the country. Kyohairwe discusses the question of quotas of women representatives to political decision making organs. Grounded on an insightful theoretical review, the paper examines the arguments for and against the quotas and the modes through which the quotas are implemented before reporting the findings of a study that probed the relevance of these quotas. Opolot, Natolooka and Kibikyo write on women’s rights to land; transnational and multinational corporations; and pro-poor growth policy respectively. Starting with examination of the indispensability of land in production, Opolot’s paper discusses the socio-political hindrances to women’s access to land as well as the consequences of the deprivation of women’s land rights after which it makes a case for women’s right to land. Natolooka notes the potential of transnational and multinational corporations to contribute to both the observance and abuse of social and economic rights in their host countries. Subsequently, the paper recommends the regulation of these organisations, to ensure that they do not promote the abuse of social and economic rights in their host countries. Finally, Kibikyo examines the pro-poor growth policies implemented in Uganda in the 1990s and 2000s, giving specific attention to the performance of the policies at micro and macro levels. Under organisational management, Natolooka discusses the applicability of Herzberg’s Two Factors Theory of motivation to Bank of Uganda. Using primary data elicited from a cross section of employees of the Ba nk, he concludes that the theory is applicable to the Bank albeit partially, meaning that application of the propositions of the theory in the Bank, and similar organisations, should be judicious. Kayombo et al. report the findings of a study that delved into the quality of piped water in Dar es Salaam City. They report that household water in the area is contaminated with faecal coli form, an indication of secondary contamination and inadequate treatment. Finally, Salami reports evidence of relationship between job stress, counter productive work behaviour and negative affectivity.
The journal is available full text.