Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 9
  • Item
    An assessment of the immune status of some stone quarry workers in Ondo state, Nigeria
    (Medicine, 2024) Samson O. Onemu; Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu; Adeniyi Adewumi Popoola; Michael A. Osuntuyi; Clement N. Isibor
    Stone quarry activities in Nigeria are mostly unregulated such that the workers in these quarries are continuously exposed to the inhalation of silica dust. It has been observed that silica dust particles negatively impact the health of stone quarry workers which usually manifest as respiratory difficulties, asthma-like illnesses and other adventitious events of the lungs. The study was to evaluate the probable immunological impact of silica dust inhalation from stone crushing by workers. Blood samples were collected from consenting workers and analyzed for total white blood cells and their subsets. Absolute CD4 cells numbers were also determined. The results indicated that neutrophils and eosinophils numbers increased significantly (P < .05) and CD4 counts declined significantly (P < .001). Alteration in these proportions is a pointer to the injurious impact of silica dust on the immune system of these workers. The findings in this study should spur actions in the education of these workers on the need for the use of proper personal protection equipment and the establishment of a scheme to periodically carry out a health assessment check to identity those at most risk of developing chronic illnesses.
  • Item
    Anaemia and Risk Factors In Lactating Mothers: A Concern In Africa
    (International Journal of Innovative and Applied Research, 2023) Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu; Yakubu Sunday Bot; Getrude Uzoma Obeagu; Esther U. Alum; Okechukwu Paul-Chima Ugwu
    Anaemia is the most common nutritional deficiency indicator and health status in the world affecting about one third of the global population. Taking iron supplement during pregnancy is associated with reduction in anaemia among lactating mothers. The risk of anaemia in lactating mothers reduces with intake of iron supplement during pregnancy. Based on the study findings the researcher recommends the following. All lactating mothers should be encouraged by health team, starting with Village Health Team (VHTs) up to the facility level for regular haemoglobin checkup. Massive nutritional education should always be carried out on every antenatal and postnatal visit.
  • Item
    Anaemia among pregnant women: prevalence and Determinants
    (Newport International Journal Of Research In Medical Sciences, 2023) Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu; Chidimma Maureen Chukwueze
    Malarial infection, occupation, urinary tract infection, place of residence and alcohol consumption are associated with anaemia among pregnant women. There is prevalence of anaemia in pregnant women. Anaemia during pregnancy is a public health problem in developed and developing countries. Pregnant women are at risk of developing anaemia due to increased nutrient needs which include iron, folate and Vitamin B12 and haemo-dilution during pregnancy.
  • Item
    Anaemia among pregnant women: A review of African pregnant teenagers.
    (2023) Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu; Fortune Chirunim Agreen
    In pregnancy, anaemia is when haemoglobin concentration is less than 11 g/dL in the first and the third trimester or a haemoglobin concentration of less than 10.5 g/dL in the second trimester. Globally, anaemia is public health problem since ancient years. During pregnancy, eradication of anaemia is a key component of safe motherhood. Prevalence of anaemia among pregnant teenagers is high. Microcytic anaemia remains the most common morphological type affecting pregnant teenagers. No formal education and poor antenatal care attendance are associated with an increased risk of anaemia among pregnant teenagers.
  • Item
    Anaemia among pregnant women: a review in Africa
    (International Digital Organization for Scientific Research, 2023) Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu; Abdi Abubakar Ali; Uche Francisca Onwuasoanya; Anthonia Onyinye Ngwoke; Danchal Comfort Vandu; Getrude Uzoma Obeagu; Ugwu Okechukwu Paul-Chima
    Iron-deficiency anemia is the most frequent form of anemia in pregnancy and can have serious consequences for both the mother and fetus. The majority of women do not have adequate iron stores to meet the dramatic increase in requirements during the second and third trimester of pregnancy. However, there is increasing evidence that intravenous iron is more effective, provides more rapid hemoglobin correction, corrects iron stores and is better tolerated than oral iron in treating iron-deficiency anemia during pregnancy. The reported prevalence of anemia in this study is high and routine screening of pregnant women is highly recommended and further studies to explore during pregnancy is a public health problem in developed and developing countries. Pregnant women are at risk of developing anemia due to increased nutrient needs which include iron, folate and Vitamin B12 and haemo-dilution during pregnancy.