Master of Arts in Public Policy Planning and Management

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Now showing 1 - 5 of 12
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    Implementation of the universal primary education policy and its effectiveness in Tanzania .
    (Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2007-09) Gideon R., Benjamin
    The study is concerned with the implementation of the Universal ~1~r~Jnary Education policy and its effectiveness in Tanzania. The study articulates a~~in~v”~ depth understanding of the current status of the policy and the critical constraints on its effectiveness. This study will contribute to the ongoing discussion between the government and the different stakeholders toward the articulation of the effectiveness implementation of the policy. This study was conducted through a cross — sectional survey because it crosses between different key stakeholders in educational sector. The study was concerned with the implementation of UPE policy and its effectiveness in Tanzania. It was specifically intended to investigate the effectiveness of the UPE policy on the enrollment, the effect of the UPE policy on the female and disadvantaged children in gross enrollment ratio and the effect of the UPE policy on internal efficiency in terms of primary education in Tanzania. These questions were best investigated through surveys research designs. Sample population of this study was selected from different key stakeholders in educational sector which include some personnel from the Ministry of Education and Culture, different researchers from University of Dar es Salaam and different Non-Governmental Organisations. In this research the researcher made questionnaire that consisted of four parts. That is, the information on the profile of the respondents as in terms of age, gender and experience in this policy. It also contained the information relating to the knowledge of the respondents in terms of the UPE policy as pertaining to its effectiveness and lastly, contained information regarding the status of the policy. Personal observation on the effectiveness of the UPE policy is another instrument used in collection of data. The major findings of this study is that the allocation of funds in this policy is not according to fund needed to make it more effective by providing all the necessary materials required such as textbooks, classrooms and quality teaching staffs and the researcher also observed that UPE programme is just creating a class between the rich and the poor who depend only on this policy because the rich take their children to good schools and get quality education compared to these children of poor people. The major recommendation of the study is that, the government should start to act introspectively putting in the mind the pupils after completion of primary seven by either establishing the Vocational or Technical Training to accommodate those who could not get the chance to go to Secondary Education. The government should also improve parent awareness in the importance of giving their children basic education because without this the removal of school fees is nothing.
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    The perception of lecturers and students on the impact of Tanzania Swahili language policy on Tanzanian students’ academic performance in Ugandan Universities: a case study of Kampala International University
    (Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2007-09) Ismail, Saidi
    The study set out to investigate impact of early language of instruction (LOl) (Swahili or English) on latter Tanzania students’ performance in ~ ~ universities particularly in Kampala International University. Language & ~ instruction was approximated by whether respondent attended model or local school. Performance was measured by students assessment of whether Excellent, good, fair or poor.The aim/purpose of the study was to assess what has been the impact of Tanzania Swahili language policy on Tanzania students’ class performance in foreign Universities especially in KIU. The specific objectives were to review the (English and Swahili) LOl in primary school in Tanzania, to determine Tanzanians class performance in higher institutions of learning at KIU and to establish the relationship between the LOl and class performance. The study was conducted by cross-sectional survey, data being collected using Questionnaire and Interview during the academic year 2006/2007, a sample of 150 students convenient selected and 50 Iectures(46 convenient and 4 from heads of faculties purposely selected) from population of Tanzania students and Lecturers in 2006/2007 academic year. The data was analyzed using chi-square of goodness of fit and percentage distribution techniques. The study established that LOl accounting for 4.84% the Swahili language policy has a negative impact on Tanzanian class performance. This makes the Tanzanian students to employ extra efforts in studying due to language barriers in order to compete with other students from different nationalities. Generally the Tanzania class performance was good. The study concludes that Swahili language policy has negative relationship with class performance explaining the latter by 4.84% while other factors like education materials, teaching method; teacher quality, curriculum explained the remaining 95% of Poor Class performance at University. The study recommend that in the short term measure the KIU Management should organize a meeting with Tanzania students to discuss what should be done to solve the language problem. In the long-run, either the government of Tanzania should start to implement English as LOl from pre primary schools to post schools. Second and the strongest one the Tanzania government should change the system and start using Swahili from pre primary up to University level and alongside to teach English as a subject by trained qualified teacher.
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    The destruction of the Somalia central government and its impact on its socio-economic development.
    (Kampala International University,College of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2008-09) Ali, Hassan Ali Nor
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    The effects of remuneration levels on corruption: a case study of Nairobi City Council
    (Kampala International University; College of Higher Degrees and Research, 2009-11) Muinde, Moses K.
    Corruption in Nairobi city Council has been in recent years escalating to unacceptable levels. All the way from the bottom of the grid to the top the city council is suffering from serious corrupt actions that have left the Council lacking in the delivery of services. Poor remunerations among council workers have been seen as one of the major causes of corruption. This study is aimed at investigating how low income among council workers affects corruption levels. Remunerations of council worker has been poor in the past couple of years and it has remained low this study investigates the effect of the low salaries of workers of Nairobi City Council on corruption levels. For the council to achieve its full working potential, its workers should be able to perform at their level best and for this to happen they are supposed to be at ease when delivering their duties. This dissertation is meant to look deep into the council to ascertain whether indeed they are at comfortably paid and if it is enough. Some scholars have indicated that the level of performance of workers in an organization is related to levels of their remuneration. This study is aimed at finding out the effect of low salary payment to the Nairobi City Council workers on their performance and ethical standards in regard to corruption and non- corruption tendencies.
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    The effects of female sexual harassment in urban areas of Mbauda, Arusha district, Tanzania.
    (Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2007-08) Raoul, Simon
    This paper examines the effects of female sexual harassment in Mbauda division district. Overall, 70.9 percent of active-duty women reported experiencing some type of sexually harassing behavior in the 6 months prior to the survey. Using single-equation probit models, we find that experiencing a sexually harassing behavior is associated with reduced job satisfaction The problem of sexual harassment is increasingly “coming out of the closet”. Companies are starting to realize that the problem is real, some managers are admitting that it could affect their staff, and more victims are starting to gather the courage to complain. And in terms of recent labour legislation, victims do have legal recourse. Yet most people do not fully understand the problem, its causes, its consequences, or its extent. For these reasons, and the fear that harassment can incite, most victims never report what they have experienced. Often, they do not even talk about it to friends and family. Plus, when there is denial (including institutional denial), disbelief or placement of blame on the victim, recovery is much more difficult. Many specific factors can underlie the uncertainty in identifying, and accepting, what a sexual harassment victim has been experiencing. Although no policy can be expected to eliminate the problem, we are convinced that awareness of the problem and of ways to deal with it will help to reduce its extent dramatically. Women, together with personnel and employee assistance professionals, must take initiative and get their companies to act against harassment if a programme is not yet in place. Equally importantly, the appropriate professionals must assist victims of past and present harassment to overcome the negative effects of that experience.