Bachelor of Arts in Economics

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    Cooperatives and agricultural development in Elgon Region: a case study of Bugisu Cooperatives Union (BCU)
    (Kampala International University; College of Economics and management, 2012-09) Wesuta, Anthony
    This report presents the findings of BCU aimed at assessing the role of BCU towards agricultural development in the Elgon Region. Its major findings are three; First BCU has attained 36 percent on average of its endeavourer to attain agricultural development through training of farmers, development of infrastructure, increasing the saving culture, sharing of profits (Bonus), determining the price and income generation ,distribution and redistribution. Secondly the problems facing BCU towards agricultural development in the Elgon Region such as low capitalization, political interfere, poor storage facilities and other infrastructure, unfair business practices and governance and leadership gaps are a result liberalization of the economy as this has affected both the quality and quantity of coffee handed by the union (BCU) As possible solutions, there 1s need to rev1ew the cooperative lows as regards liberalization of agricultural sector, reduce government involvement in the daily affairs of the union and increase government financing through reducing the interest rates. Finally, the cooperative union should carry out both vertical and horizontal restructuring so as to adopt to the rapidly changing economic environment reflected in increase globalization and agricultural industrialization if there are benefit members and should operate as organization not as a firm as advocated by (Heimberger and Hoos 1962) but as an organization (Emellant 1942, Robotka, 1947 and Philip 1953).
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    Vanilla production and farmer's welfare in Nagojje Sub County Mukono District
    (Kampala International University; College of Economics and management, 2010-08) Kuteesa, Ian
    The study was intended to determine the impact of vanilla production on the welfare farmers in Nagojje Sub County, Mukono District. In the review of related literature, all secondary sources viewed relevant to the study were re-visited. The study employed a descriptive design and questionnaires together with interview guides .formed the mina tools for data collection. Data collected was sorted, edited, coded and presented in percentages and .frequency distribution tables. The findings from the study revealed that vanilla production had transformed many of the .farmers within the area of stuc6' and farmers, community leaders and the government as well had to applaud its contribution towards human development. Households had the ability to meet the fees requirements for their children, the basics in life could be attained and the general welfare of the masses within Nagoje had been changed as a result of Vanilla production. It was recommended that: Government should carry out more research on vanilla plants like inter cropping by considering the most appropriate plant population through spacing. Farmers need to be advised on the better crop and tree management practices so as not to affect production of other crops.
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    Capital Intensive Technology and Output: A Case Study of Katon Manufacturers Limited, (KML) Nalukolongo, Kampala District
    (Kampala International University, bachelors degree of arts in economics, 2015-07) Matsiko, Emmy
    This study was aimed at examining the relationship between capital intensive technology and output in Katon Manufacturers Limited, Nalukolongo kampala. The objectives of the study were to; assess the relevance of capital intensive technology on output in KML, the challenges hindering the effective use of capital intensive towards output in KML and to the possible ways of improving effective use of capital intensive technology towards output in KML. The study was carried out using both qualitative and quantitative methods. Questionnaires and interviews were used to collect data that was presented in tables, graphs and numbers. The findings revealed that the use of capital intensive technology plays a significant role in the successful operation of every organization which enhances greater economic production. The study concluded relevancies of capital intensive techniques of production on output in KML which included; increasing product efficiency, it leads to delivery of faster service; it reduces labour costs, leads to economies of scale, improvement of knowledge about customers and increasing product customization. The study established the challenges hindering the effective use of capital intensive technology towards in KML which included; lack of top management commitment; lack of proper training amongst the labour force; lack of knowledge of the consumer in using the service; lack of adequate resources to facilitate capital intensive techniques of production and poor communication about the use of machines. Findings further revealed that ways of improving effective use of capital intensive technology towards output in KML are; training of technical staff improving infrastructure; diversification of organizational activities; reallocation of labour; efficient IT becoming new critical infrastructure and the enabling environment. The respondents recommended that companies should ensure diversification of activities to increase mcome is by expanding the possibilities to spread investment risks over a wider portfolio. Further recommendations followed that the government should ensure that technological advance is very complementary with higher kills and more education. In addition there is a need for the government to improve on infrastructural development to facilitate the movement of raw materials to production places.
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    Rapid product and service development as the key factor to Competitive advantage in multinational companies in Uganda the case of Utl
    (Kampala International University, College of Education, Open and Distance Learning, 2009-10) Ngugi, Wambui; Mercy
    The purpose of this study was to establish the extent to which Uganda telecom Limited (UTL) has adopted the rapid product development strategy to out compete the competition in the Telecommunication industry. This was done by investigating the product development strategies UTL utilised. Products and services are the most important elements of a marketing program product strategy required an evaluation of the basic needs and conditions of use in the company's existing and proposed markets, together with an evaluation and appraisal of the companies' basic strengths and weaknesses. This research intends to solve the problems that arise as a result of rapid product and service development and also to formulate a strategy that will be used to attaining competitive advantage in multinationals companies using the case of (UTL) within Uganda. In this research a case study design was employed. The target population was made up of UTL employees of all levels and a sample of 80 respondents was chosen using purposive techniques. Data was collected using a self administered questioner composed of open ended and closed ended items. The findings revealed that UTL had adopted a number of Product Development Strategies (PDS) for example the product i1movation and creation, product valuation and product differentiation. The study further established that UTL products goes through three stages that is, low demand, growth and maturity. The product development strategies were also found to be effective. The study recommended that UTL continue enhancing and improving its products in line with this strategies. Also the study recommended the need for market research in connection with the tastes and performance in the market.