Conference Papers and presentations

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    Revolutionizing Legal and Business Processes of The Digital Age Using Block chain Technology
    (Journal of Applied Sciences, Information and Computing, 2023-07) Geoffrey Getare Nyauma; V. S. Manjula
    Blockchain technology has transcended its origins in cryptocurrency and is now poised to transform various aspects of the legal and business landscape by implementing smart contracts. Smart contracts, which operate on blockchain networks and are self-executing, programmable contracts, have the potential to completely change how agreements are made, carried out, and enforced. In order to shed light on their benefits, drawbacks, and potential future ramifications, this article examines the development of blockchain-based intelligent contracts and their influence on legal and corporate procedures. Traditional methods of managing and carrying out contracts are frequently time-consuming, expensive, and prone to disagreements. Blockchain technology's smart contracts provide a decentralized, automated, and impenetrable means of drafting, carrying out, and upholding contracts. This article explains how smart contracts can streamline processes across multiple industries, including finance, real estate, supply chain management, and intellectual property by carefully exploring the technological foundations and real-world use cases of smart contracts. Smart contracts' potential societal and economic effects, such as decreased transaction costs, increased effectiveness, and improved. This article promotes interdisciplinary study and collaboration among legal scholars, technologists, and business professionals to fully realize the promise of blockchain-based intelligent contracts. It ends by imagining a time when smart time when smart contracts are fully incorporated into daily life, revolutionizing the way contracts are established and carried out in the digital age.
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    Primary Health Care Services Delivery (PHCSD) Under Revenue Autonomy: Proposed Innovative Options Within Own Source Revenue
    (Academic Affairs Directorate, Kampala International University (KIU), Uganda, East Africa Institute for Social Research, KIU, 2017-08) Hassan, Abdulle Hassan; Sumil, Novembrieta; Sumil, Manuel; Mwebesa, Edson; Cephus, Diggs
    Through quantitative and qualitative account (mixed explanatory method), this empirical investigation portrayed a pragmatic perspective of the primary health care services in Mbale District, Uganda under the fiscal decentralization with revenue autonomy in particular. The evidence based data were elicited from the respondents selected through purposive sampling utilizing a researcher devised research tool tested scientifically for its validity and reliability. Quantitative measurements consisted of means and standard deviations elucidated by qualitative data from observations and interviews. The constructs of primary health care services under study were as follows: public education, maternal and child health care, proper nutrition, provision of accessible treatment and drugs, clean water and sanitation, immunization and local diseases control, accountability in service delivery. The general findings revealed existing challenges and gaps in these indicators. Therefore, this study advocated the need for improvement of health services delivery outcomes in rural and remote communities through improved access to health services while this study also recommended that progress can be made by reflecting on enhancing service access through the wider implementation of innovative options proposed in this study.
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    Antecedents of statistics anxiety in a higher education system
    (Academic Affairs Directorate, Kampala International University (KIU), Uganda, East Africa Institute for Social Research, KIU, 2017-08) Mwebesa, Edson; Sumil, Novembrieta; Hassan, Abdulle Hassan; Cephus, Diggs
    As more empirical data existed in higher education environment, along with it were simple to complex tools such as statistical concepts and analyses that enabled the translations of the data to bring about a better educational system. A rising challenge therefore in universities reflected a scenario on data integration, institutional metrics and higher education analytics not in the pedestal of productive interpretation and utilization. Contributory to the ability of making sense with empirical data necessary for a proactive and successful delivery of education would be the element of good statistics background. This study contended that learning statistics and its rudiments were perceived as complicated and difficult as compared to some other courses offered at university level. Further, this investigation contested the existence of statics anxiety among postgraduate students in an in-site university setting. The data from randomly selected 136 postgraduate students (Kampala International University, Uganda) referring to dispositional (procrastination and perfectionism) and environmental antecedents (gender) and statistics anxiety were scientifically elicited, processed and analyzed utilizing the quantitative-post positivist’s research paradigm model. The findings revealed (1) a positive but insignificant relationship between academic procrastination and statistics anxiety; (2) a significant negative relationship between perfectionism and statistics anxiety; and (3) differences in statistics anxiety between the female and male students existed. Notably from the results then, academic procrastination did not significantly affect the students’ statistics anxiety; the students with higher levels of perfectionism tended to have lower levels of statistics anxiety while the levels of statistics anxiety among the female students were slightly higher than that of the male students.
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    Child Soldier Scenario and Children’s Protection Within Armed Conflicts: A Positivist’s View
    (Academic Affairs Directorate, Kampala International University (KIU), Uganda, East Africa Institute for Social Research, KIU, 2017-08) Cephus, Diggs; Sumil, Novembrieta; Otanga, Rusoke; Sumil, Manuel; Hassan, Abdulle Hassan; Mwebesa, Edson
    This study underscored a positivist’s philosophical stand referring to the status of children as soldiers and children’s protection within armed conflict situations from 2013 in Juba, Central Equatoria State, South Sudan utilizing both quantitative and qualitative data and retrospective-prospective designs as research strategies. The quantitative data on child soldier scenario and children’s protection within the armed conflict zones from 362 respondents (20-39 years of age) who had lived in Juba for over 7 years were elicited using validated and tested for reliability researcher structured questionnaires with open and close-ended questions. Record sheets reflected qualitative data from incident reports. The collection of data was matched with follow-up interviews and document analysis. The study employed three sampling techniques namely: stratified sampling, purposive sampling and simple random sampling. The responses on child soldier scenario were in these aspects: under the age of 10 when forced to serve as soldiers; the children volunteered themselves because of societal pressure and were under the impression that volunteering will provide a form of income, food, or security; child soldier recruitment breaking several human rights laws; poor and displaced from their families child soldiers had limited access to education and girl child soldiers were used for fighting and other purposes and were vulnerable to sexual violence. While the data on children’s protection conspicuously were in these concerns: accommodation, reintegration strategy, legal aspect, parental care and family life, health facilities and forced marriage. The findings implied peace and conflict resolutions by the relevant peace experts and security contingents.
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    Administrative Behaviour and Institutional Efficiency in Selected Universities in Central Uganda
    (Academic Affairs Directorate, Kampala International University (KIU), Uganda, East Africa Institute for Social Research, KIU, 2017-08) Nakimuli, Amina; Sumil, Novembrieta; Kibuuka, Muhammad; Mwebesa, Edson; Byabashaija, Deusdedit; Bamaiyi, Pwaveno
    Technical competences of administrators are certainly necessary, albeit they may not be sufficient for efficiency in educational institutions. The administrator’s behaviour is also vital for achieving efficiency thus educational institutions have prepared their numerous and capable specialists and professionals with the necessary skills for efficient and effective higher education administration. This study therefore was conceptualized to shed light to this contention. The association between administrative behaviour and institutional efficiency was empirically investigated employing the ex-post facto, descriptive correlation research designs. One hundred ninety five administrators from two higher education institutions were selected through purposive and systematic random sampling. Standardized and contextualized questionnaires tested for reliability and validity were used as research instruments. Quantitative data analyses were done using the Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. The findings of the study indicated that the variables of administrative behaviour and institutional efficiency were significantly correlated. Within the context of this finding, administrators of the universities understudy should endeavour to enrich their administrative skills through leadership, management and administrative courses to cope with the managerial challenges hovering the higher education system. Effective administrators must conduct themselves appropriately and must be accountable for their actions and expectations. The ability to deal effectively with other people and accomplish work through others would always be a fundamental ingredient in the administrative process.