Challenges limiting efforts to establish peace, stability and a functioning government in Somalia

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Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences
The purpose of this study was to investigate the obstacles to peace and stability in Somalia. Hence it examined the root of Somali conflict, the challenges to peace and stability in Somalia and the way forward. In gathering information the research study employed both pnmary and secondary sources. The primary sources were mainly the distributed questionnaire and the secondary sources were the literature work and internet. This study used cross-sectional survey as its research design; the data were collected purposely from Growe city. However, in selecting the respondents cluster random sampling was used. Three hundred seventy eight in six categories were selected to make sample population. The tables' charts were used in organizing the data and both qualitative and quantitative was the technique employed in analysing the collected data. From the finding of the study it was revealed that the origin of Somali conflict were competition for power and resources, repression of the former dictatorship Siad Bare and colonial legacy. The findings futiher indicate that there are external and internal challenges to peace and stability in Somalia. And from the previous peace agreement the role of tradition leaders in resolving the conflict were ignored. The study recommended that the external actors should stop their intervention in the Somali internal affaires. Further more, to provide the traditional leaders and clan leaders a good atmosphere through which they could come up with the way forward to solve these conflicts.
A thesis submitted to the school of Postgraduate Studies and Research in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Award of The Degree Of Master Of Arts In Development Studies Of Kampala international University
Peace, Stability, Somalia