Bachelors Degree in Mass Communication

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    Role of the media in promoting democracy and human rights in Uganda: a case study of Daily Monitor Newspaper
    (Kampala International University.College of Humanities and social science, 2008-08) Alex, Odongo Musikoyo
    strong democratic society will be marked by respect for human rights which includes freedom of press, right to vote and be elected at genuine and periodic elections, freedom of assembly and association, good governance among others. This study was therefore carried out to determine the role of the media in promoting democracy and human rights in Uganda. The study used cross-sectional design due to limited time of study. It took a quantitative approach because it involved use of structured questions to collect data which was in form of numbers and statistics. It covered Kampala city and the target population was 50 respondents selected through simple random sampling. Structured interview was used to collect data using an interview schedule as the research instrument. Data was analyzed by editing, coding, and tabulation. The findings revealed that the media can promote democracy and human rights through civic education, advocacy, surveillance and lobbying Parliament to change or remove laws affecting the media. It was further revealed that politics in Uganda are marred with voter bribery, intimidation and violence, harassment of the opposition and control of the Electoral Commission by the ruling government. Findings also revealed that, the government heavily interferes with the media's role of promoting democracy and human rights by invoking draconian laws such as sedition, false news, and through closure of critical media houses and arrest of vocal journalists. Findings revealed that the media has played a big role in exposing corruption and scandals in public offices. These findings imply that despite the milestones the media have made in Uganda, the political atmosphere is still harsh and freedom of press is still a pipe dream. Findings will be used by Government as a starting point in reviewing all bad laws and drafting policy that will see improvement of democracy and human rights in Uganda.
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    The role of internet communication in the process of social development Dar Es Salaam
    (Kampala International University.College of Humanities and social science, 2008-05) Francis, Alquin
    Internet can potentially help break down some of the major barriers to developments that are presently faced by low income populations. They can provide shared access to information and communication technologies (ICTs) that can offer development services in a number of areas that can assist in the development process. However, with obstacle such as poor infrastructures, high prices and inconsistent legislation still many challenges have to be faced. This research is a Bachelor of Mass Communication for the Faculty of social sciences, Kampala International University. The main goal of this research is to determine the role of internet communication in the process of social development in Dar es salaam, Tanzania. In order to reach this goal, the field study was performed in Dar es Salaam. Since Internet cafes are the main access to the in Tanzania, they could provide basic access to services such as health and education. Moreover, they could provide relatively . cheap and efficient way of communicating, considering the limited purchasing power and poor infrastructure in Tanzania. Nevertheless, increased interest in the Internet is not in line with increased awareness in terms of using the Internet for educational, commercial, social or political purposes. The existing business model of most Internet cafes is unsustainable and uneconomic. This is due to the umealistic charges for offered services, lack of reliable power supply, expensive bandwidth, connectivity down-time and high competition. This will result in the closing down of Internet cafes in the future. The current provision of courses and V I training by Internet cafes in the use of computers and the Internet is very limited. Considering the limited ICT personnel in Tanzania, the internet cafes could be appropriate training centers as they are already equipped with the necessary ICT facilities. Also in the field of education Internet could play a major part, given the absence of computers in Tanzanian schools. Besides, Internet could be a good alternative to the subsidized telecenters when connectivity is provided. Due to an absence of a national IXP Tanzania lacks cheap and high capacity connections to the global Internet. The high cost of Internet bandwidth is passed on to the Internet cafes. Even though the price charged by these cafes for offered services is not extremely high, it could obstruct a certain group with limited financial means from using Internet cafes, hindering the further diffusion of the Internet. The inconsistent ICT policies, the monopoly in fixed-line services and the lack of compensation for suffered losses is undermining further development of Internet cafes. This is also to the detriment of growth of the local ICT market.
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    The role of the Media and the Facilitation of Implementation of the New Constitution in Rural Kenya. (A case study of Ndeiya Location of Kiambu County).
    (Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences., 2011-06) Ng'ang'a, Kelly Thiong'o
    This study seeks to critically appraise the role of the media in Kenya in the implementation of the new constitution. It attempts to critically analyze how and why the media is important in the process. Ti also shows that there is a direct relationship between press freedom, the roles of the media, and the nature of the government ion power. Relations between the media and the implementation of the new constitution cannot be ignored. However, this paper seeks to engage with the media and its role in the implementation of the new constitution in the rural Kenya, with special reference to Ndeiya Location of Kiabu West. A descriptive research design was used for in-depth analysis of the phenomenon. A questionnaire was used as a research instrument and targeted the population of 13 5 public servants and teachers in Ndeiya location of Kiambu County. A total of 45 questionnaires which represented the sample were sent out and 40 questionnaires were successful received back. Data was analyzed through statistical tools and presented using tables, bar charts and pie charts. The study recommended that the government should give the media freedom to exercise this right to informing people and also employ and involve media houses to propagate the importance of successful implementation of the constitution which would beneficial to the country in form of devolved government and socio-economic development. The members of parliament in Kenya should use the media to educate the public on the impottance of implementing the new constitution. Many a time is when parliamentarians and policy makers complain that part of the challenge of communicating about development issues with the public is how little people understand the structure or responsibilities of the various government agencies working on key policy issues like health, education, agriculture, or trade. With the constitution, the policy makers should use the media to educate the public about the implementation of the new constitution.
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    The role of media in the coverage of national elections in Kenya the: case study, Radio Mambo FM in Webuye Town, Kenyaedia in the coverage of national elections in Kenya the: case study, Radio Mambo FM in Webuye Town, Kenya
    (Kampala International University.College of Humanities and social science, 2008-08) Aggrey, Nalika
    The major objective of the study was to examine the role of the media in the coverage of national elections in Webuye District of Kenya. This follows the deep public concern on the need to understand the role of media especially how it guides people during and after elections. The study was conducted in Webuye town. A total of 60 respondents were chosen; 30 were mixture of media practitioners, sponsers and advertisers while the remaining 30 were selected from Webuye town to represent the voice of the community during the study. The data was collected using tranquilization formulae which involved grouping different methods of collecting data which included structured interview using interview schedule, in-depth interview in form of interview guide, focused group discussion using discussion guide, questionnaires and observation. The researcher was prompted to find out the role of media particularly the community radio stations, if they really report election events like mobilization of voter registration, influence on choices of parties, holding opinion polls, candidate interviews~ and party advertisements during national elections in Kenya. Conclusions and recommendations were then made after presenting and interpreting the data.
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    To what extent is the media considered a fourth estate? a case study of Kenyan media
    (Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2007-06) Achoch, Wendy; Millicent